Thursday, October 20, 2016
Is social recruiting discriminatory?
Yesterday, I noted that the EEOC is examining the impact of “big data” on how employers reach employment decisions.
Looking at an issue and doing something about it, however, are two entirely different animals. I wonder what business the EEOC has looking at this issue at all. The EEOC’s mission is to eliminate discrimination from the workplace. Certainly, there is no claim that neutral data points intentionally or invidiously discriminate based on protected classes.
In that case, the only purpose the EEOC could hope to serve by looking at the impact of big data on employment practices is to determine whether its use disparately impacts a protected group.
“What is disparate impact,” you ask? A disparate impact claim involves an employment practice that is neutral on its face, but, as applied and to a statistical significance, it falls more harshly on one group over another. It has significant implications in race and sex discriminate claims. One federal appellate court recently and notably, however, called into question its application in age claims.
Unless big data has a disparate impact, the EEOC has no business examining this issue. So, what says the data? For purposes of this post, consider the use of social media as a recruiting tool. If an employer is relying primarily on LinkedIn to source and recruit candidates, does its use disparately impact one race or sex over another?
According to the most recently available data (c/o the Pew Research Center), the answer is no.
If men vs. women, or Whites vs. Blacks, or Whites vs. Hispanics, are using LinkedIn in similar percentages, then, based on the data, it will be difficult to make a disparate impact claim on this big-data issue. Granted, the EEOC examined issues much more broadly than just social recruiting, but at least on this issue, and at least according to the available actual data, it looks like employer should be free to use LinkedIn to source candidates without fear of a discrimination claim.
Kudos to the EEOC for thinking outside of the box in trying to discover new paths of discrimination to address. I wonder, however, if when the EEOC gets around to opening that box, instead of finding Pandora’s evils, it will find a whole bunch of nothing.
Written by Jon Hyman, a partner in the Labor & Employment group of Meyers Roman Friedberg & Lewis. For more information, contact Jon at (216) 831-0042, ext. 140 or firstname.lastname@example.org.